A Stable 4% Inflation Could Get Canadians One Half Million More Jobs
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The Inflation-Control Agreement between the Government and the Bank of Canada is reviewed and renewed every five years. In this paper, I propose that the upcoming 2016 agreement increase the inflation target by 2 percentage points, from the current 2% to 4%. I first note that the room to stimulate economic activity and employment when the Bank of Canada judges that it is needed has narrowed dangerously in the past 25 years. I argue that the only fully effective means of freeing the Bank from the operational straightjacket into which it has fallen is setting the inflation target at 4% instead of 2%. I then report of evidence that the strong resistance of Canadian employers and employees to money wage cuts generates a significant permanent trade-off between inflation and unemployment at the macro level when inflation is less than 5%. Combining these two strands of observations, I conclude that moving to 4% inflation would generate about one half million more permanent jobs for Canadians and, over time, add some $50 billion per year to domestic income.
Keywords: Inflation target; zero lower bound; anchoring of expectations; downward nominal wage rigidity; Bank of Canada; inflation-control agreement; monetary policy. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E5 E6 H3 J3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-lma, nep-mac and nep-mon
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:lvl:lacicr:1604
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