EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Trade Liberalization and Poverty in Nepal: an Applied General Equilibrium Analysis

Prakash Sapkota and John Cockburn

Working Papers MPIA from PEP-MPIA

Abstract: Nepal aggressively liberalized its foreign trade during the 1990s. This paper attempts to estimate the impact of trade liberalization on household welfare and poverty in Nepal through the construction of a regional CGE model. The model disaggregates factors of production - capital, land, and labor - by region (urban, Terai and hills/mountains) in order to establish direct links between sector of activity, factor remuneration, and household income. In particular, certain activities are more intensive in factors from a given region (e.g. the manufacturing sector is more intensive in urban factors of production and the agriculture sector is more intensive in Terai factor of production). Regional factor remuneration in turn maps into regional household income. We find that trade liberalization reduces the nominal returns to urban factors of production in comparison with rural factors of production, resulting in a reduction in the relative income of urban households. Rural and urban households consume roughly the same share of industrial goods, but rural households consume relatively more agricultural goods and fewer services. As the fall in consumer prices in the latter two sectors are similar, there is little rural-urban difference in the variation in consumer price indices. Consumer prices generally fall in roughly the same proportion as nominal incomes such that there are negligible welfare changes. However, poverty falls substantially, with the greatest impact in rural Terai, followed by the rural hills and the mountain region, and least in urban areas.

Keywords: Computable general equilibrium modeling; international trade; poverty; Nepal (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D33 D58 E27 F13 F14 I32 O15 O53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cmp and nep-dev
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7)

Downloads: (external link)
https://portal.pep-net.org/documents/download/id/12070 (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:lvl:mpiacr:2008-13

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers MPIA from PEP-MPIA Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Manuel Paradis ().

 
Page updated 2024-05-17
Handle: RePEc:lvl:mpiacr:2008-13