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Trade Policy and Poverty in Benin: a General Equilibrium Analysis

Bernard Decaluwe (), Epiphane Adjovi and Véronique Robichaud

Working Papers MPIA from PEP-MPIA

Abstract: Economic and financial crisis in Benin since 1980s led the government to embark on a process of economic reforms in 1991. These reforms sought to remedy the fiscal and trade imbalances in order to accelerate economic growth. Trade policy reform was given priority. Import bans and quotas were eliminated, import duties abolished and a compensatory tax on commodities sold in the domestic market instituted. This study analyzes the effects of the trade policy reforms using a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model and household survey data. Results show that these reforms are more beneficial to households in urban areas, but contribute to worsening poverty conditions of the most poor in rural areas. If liberalization policies target better strategies aimed at fighting poverty, or at least not deteriorating the situation, they need to be designed in a way that they do not worsen the poverty conditions of the most destitute in society.

Keywords: CGE; trade; poverty; Benin (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D6 F13 F14 H3 I38 O55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-cmp and nep-dev
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:lvl:mpiacr:2008-14

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