Patriarchy, Pandemics and the Gendered Resource Curse Thesis: Evidence from Petroleum Geology
Jubril Animashaun and
Economics Discussion Paper Series from Economics, The University of Manchester
This paper examines features shared by societies built around oil and the impact of COVID19. For our cross-sectional analysis, we use epidemiological data on COVID-19, country-level long-run oil production data, and data on petroleum geology for econometric identification. We first document that a country’s long run oil production is associated with a significantly higher number of COVID-19 deaths. Exploring mechanisms, we find that women's election into political offices reduces the risk from COVID-19, but only in oil-poor countries. Furthermore, we find robust evidence that petroleum-wealth reduces the percentage of women in parliament. Oil contributes to a gender imbalance in the population and affects the labour force market participation rate for men more than for women. Overall, these findings highlight the risk and plausible mechanisms of COVID-19 vulnerability in oil-exporting countries. Policy makers should be aware of these effects.
JEL-codes: H5 I1 J16 P48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:man:sespap:2006
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