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Patriarchy, Pandemics and the Gendered Resource Curse Thesis: Evidence from Petroleum Geology

Jubril Animashaun and Ada Wossink

Economics Discussion Paper Series from Economics, The University of Manchester

Abstract: This paper examines features shared by societies built around oil and the impact of COVID19. For our cross-sectional analysis, we use epidemiological data on COVID-19, country-level long-run oil production data, and data on petroleum geology for econometric identification. We first document that a country’s long run oil production is associated with a significantly higher number of COVID-19 deaths. Exploring mechanisms, we find that women's election into political offices reduces the risk from COVID-19, but only in oil-poor countries. Furthermore, we find robust evidence that petroleum-wealth reduces the percentage of women in parliament. Oil contributes to a gender imbalance in the population and affects the labour force market participation rate for men more than for women. Overall, these findings highlight the risk and plausible mechanisms of COVID-19 vulnerability in oil-exporting countries. Policy makers should be aware of these effects.

JEL-codes: H5 I1 J16 P48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene
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