Impact of Rohingya Refugees on Food Prices in Bangladesh: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
M. Emranul Haque and
Economics Discussion Paper Series from Economics, The University of Manchester
The Rohingya crisis is the fourth largest displacement of population in the world, with most refugees sheltering in neighbouring Bangladesh. We use this event as a natural experiment to examine the impact of the sudden influx of Rohingyas on food prices in the main host region of Bangladesh. We have pieced together a unique data set on food prices based on unpublished information at local government levels covering the pre- and post-influx period. We use a difference-in-difference approach to identify the impact of the refugee influx on the prices in the local area. Our baseline results indicate that overall food prices increased by 8 percent in the host sub-district of Ukhia, with prices of protein and vegetables increasing by 7 and 36 percent, respectively. For aid-supplied food products, such as cereals and lentils, we do find a statistically significant mitigating effect on prices. However, they were not substantial enough to reverse the increase in food prices.
JEL-codes: C21 E31 H84 I31 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-06, Revised 2022-04
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Published in World Development, Volume 154, June 2022.
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Journal Article: Impact of Rohingya refugees on food prices in Bangladesh: Evidence from a natural experiment (2022)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:man:sespap:2007
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