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The Role of Social Capital in Competition and Gender-matching Environments-Evidence from East Asian Countries

Seo-Young Cho ()

MAGKS Papers on Economics from Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung)

Abstract: This paper investigates the role of social trust in determining one’s willingness to compete in math competitions in school, observing how competitive occupational choices often require higher quantitative skills. Using the data of the PISA test in math, the empirical results highlight that a higher level of trust in school environments promotes a student’s willingness to participate in math competitions. However, this positive effect of trust maintains mainly in mixed-sex competition, but not in single-sex competition. Furthermore, the effect of trust on mixed-sex competition is greater for girls than boys, while the effect is equally insignificant for boys and girls in single-sex competition. These findings suggest the importance of trust in the rules of the game when girls are matched with boys. On the other hand, when they compete with other girls, concerns about fairness do not play a significant role in their consideration. This is possibly because single-sex matches reduce unfairness caused by gender discrimination.

Keywords: gender; competition; math studies; social trust; gender-matching school environments; institutions; survey; and East Asia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I24 J16 O17 O53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gen, nep-sea and nep-soc
Date: 2017
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