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WHAT'S SPACE GOT TO DO WITH IT? DISTANCE AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY BEFORE THE RAILWAY AGE

George Grantham ()

Departmental Working Papers from McGill University, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper argues that the conventional Malthusian account of pre-modern economies as constrained by diminishing returns resulting from a fixed land supplied is flawed because it does not recognize the importance of systematic indivisibilities in the production and distribution of farm produce that supported increasing return to additional inputs when the demand price of produce warranted them. Those indivisibilities locked in low-intensity farming practices in places where the demand for produce was diffuse. Most of pre-industrial Europe was in that situation, so average agricultural productivity was low. It was only in regions where urban concentrations of consumers aggregated demand to a level capable of inducing extra investment to exploit latent returns to scale in farming and transportation that the productivity of traditional mixed farming achieved its full potential.

JEL-codes: N00 N5 N7 Q1 R00 R1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 59 pages
Date: 2010-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-eff, nep-geo and nep-his
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:mcl:mclwop:2010-04

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