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Portugal in the Global Innovation Index: A panel data analysis

Marcelo Duarte () and Fernando Carvalho ()

No 144, GEE Papers from Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia

Abstract: The growing awareness of the importance of national systems of innovation on countries’ development led to an increased availability of instruments designed to measure and compare the innovative capacity of countries. Such instruments provide policymakers with a panoply of relevant information, with which they can stimulate innovation within their territory, thereby increasing national competitiveness. Among the most used innovation indices, the Global Innovation Index stands out by explicitly distinguishing innovation inputs and outputs. Drawing from the Global Innovation Index input-output framework and extant literature on innovation, we intend to answer the question: Which innovation inputs are more strongly related to innovative outputs? Thus, deriving policy implications aimed at improving Portugal’s innovative readiness. Based on a conceptual model, we developed a panel dataset, grounded on the Global Innovation Index framework, composed by 92 countries during the period 2013-2018, and analysed it through a series of multiple regression techniques. Results suggest a strong, positive influence of Business Sophistication on innovation outputs in countries of the Eurozone, derived mainly from the capacity of domestic firms to absorb knowledge. Possible policy implications could be derived from this fact, such as, for instance, an encouragement to inward foreign direct investment. However, further research is needed to analyse the differentiated effects of such encouragement, as well as for other surprising results of our study.

Keywords: Innovation; Global Innovation Index; innovation inputs, innovation outputs; panel data; Portugal. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C33 C43 O30 O38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 50 pages
Date: 2020-03, Revised 2020-03
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