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Access to Health Care and the Out-of-Pocket Burden of the European Elderly

Veronika Kočiš Krůtilová ()

No 2016-60, MENDELU Working Papers in Business and Economics from Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics

Abstract: Provision of access to health care is a desirable feature of health care systems. Access to health care is caused to be restricted whether out-of-pocket burden is too high. The paper focuses on the European elderly with restricted access to health care and evaluates their health care burden and determines factors affecting the burden. The data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe from the fifth wave is used. The methods of descriptive and multivariate analysis are applied. A linear regression model with a bootstrapped method is used. The results showed that inequalities in access to health care exist. Unmet need is a critical issue in Estonia and Italy. The highest burden is found in Estonia, Italy and Belgium. Chronic diseases and limitation in activities significantly contributes to health care burden. Expenditure on drugs, outpatient and nursing care have a significant effect on the burden. The effect is found to be insignificant for inpatient care. Income and the employment status is a preventing factor.

Keywords: elderly; unmet need; health care; out-of-pocket payments; access to health care; health care burden; SHARE. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I14 I18 J14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-eur and nep-hea
Date: 2016-05
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