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Does private tutoring increase students’ academic performance? Evidence from Turkey

Giray Berberoglu () and Aysıt Tansel ()
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Giray Berberoglu: Department of Secondary Mathematics and Science Education, METU

No 1408, ERC Working Papers from ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University

Abstract: This paper investigates the effectiveness of private tutoring in Turkey. The authors introduce their study by providing some background information on the two major national examinations and three different kinds of tutoring. They then describe how they aimed to analyse whether attending private tutoring centres (PTCs) enhances Turkish students’ academic performance. By way of multiple linear regression analysis, their study sought to evaluate whether the impact of private tutoring varies in different subject areas, taking into account several student-related characteristics such as family and academic backgrounds as well as interest in and perception of academic success. In terms of subject areas, the results indicate that while private tutoring does have a positive impact on academic performance in mathematics and Turkish language, this is not the case in natural sciences. However, as evidenced by the effect sizes, these impacts are rather small compared to the impacts of other variables such as interest in and perception of academic success, high school graduation fields of study, high school cumulative grade point average (CGPA), parental education and students’ sociocultural background. While the authors point out that more research on the impact of further important variables needs to be done, their view is that school seems to be an important factor for determining students’ academic performance.

Keywords: Private tutoring; Academic Performance; Regression analysis; Turkey. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 I21 I22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-cse, nep-cwa, nep-edu, nep-eff and nep-ure
Date: 2014-07, Revised 2014-07
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6) Track citations by RSS feed

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http://erc.metu.edu.tr/en/system/files/menu/series14/1408.pdf First version, 2014 (application/pdf)

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Working Paper: Does Private Tutoring Increase Students' Academic Performance? Evidence from Turkey (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Does private tutoring increase students’ academic performance? Evidence from Turkey (2014) Downloads
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