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Citizens' Protests: causes and consequences

Mario Gilli () and Filippo Giorgini

No 504, Working Papers from University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics

Abstract: Citizens' Â’political participation to protests is a crucial issue for any political system, whether democratic or autocratic. Political systems have different ways of dealing with citizens' Â’protests, determining cost and beneÂ…t of public dissent, responding to public requests and allowing different degree of transparency in public information. Also the social characteristics of a country, such as citizens' Â’diversity and radicalization, matter for citizens' Â’political participation. The aim of this paper is to analyze causes and consequences of citizens' Â’protests, focusing on how private and public information affect citizens' Â’opinion and political behavior, and on how they depend on sociopolitical factors as well as on the political regime. In Regime Change and Revolutionary Entrepreneurs, Bueno de Mesquita proposed a seminal model to study why revolutionary vanguards might use violence to mobilize citizens against a regime. We claim that the model can be used more generally to investigate citizensÂ’ protest. We refer to his model to understand citizensÂ’ political behavior, studying the relationship between the modelÂ’s structural parameters and the causes and consequences of citizens' Â’protests, adopting a partially different approach and extending his results.

Keywords: protests; political regimes; sociopolitical variables (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C72 D74 P48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 118
Date: 2022-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-pol
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