EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Ricardian Productivity Differences and the Gains from Trade

Andrei Levchenko and Jing Zhang ()

No 633, Working Papers from Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan

Abstract: This paper evaluates the role of sectoral heterogeneity in determining the gains from trade. We first show analytically that in the presence of sectoral Ricardian comparative advantage, a one -sector sufficient statistic formula that uses total trade volumes as a share of total absorption systematically understates the true gains from trade. Greater relative sectoral productivity differences lead to larger disparities between the gains implied by the one-sector formula and the true gains. Using data on overall and sectoral trade shares in a sample of 79 countries and 19 sectors we show that the multi-sector formula implies on average 30% higher gains from trade than the one-sector formula, and as much as 100% higher gains for some countries. We then set up and estimate a quantitative Ricardian-Heckscher-Ohlin model in which no version of the formula applies exactly, and compare a range of sufficient statistic formulas to the true gains in this model. Confirming the earlier results, formulas that do not take into account sectoral heterogeneity understate the true gains from trade in the model by as much as two-thirds. The one-sector formulas understate the gains by more in countries with greater dispersion in sectoral productivities.

Keywords: gains from trade; comparative advantage; sufficient statistics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 F47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39 pages
Date: 2012-12-19
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.fordschool.umich.edu/rsie/workingpapers/Papers601-625/r63.pdf
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 404 Not Found (http://www.fordschool.umich.edu/rsie/workingpapers/Papers601-625/r63.pdf [301 Moved Permanently]--> https://www.fordschool.umich.edu/404/index.php [302 Found]--> https://fordschool.umich.edu/404/index.php)

Related works:
Journal Article: Ricardian productivity differences and the gains from trade (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Ricardian Productivity Differences and the Gains from Trade (2013) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:mie:wpaper:633

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by FSPP Webmaster ().

 
Page updated 2022-01-16
Handle: RePEc:mie:wpaper:633