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DOES DEMOCRACY FACILITATE ECONOMIC GROWTH OR DOES ECONOMIC GROWTH FACILITATE DEMOCRACY? AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

Paresh Narayan (), Seema Narayan () and Russell Smyth

No 10-07, Monash Economics Working Papers from Monash University, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between democracy and economic growth in 30 Sub-Saharan African countries. As our proxy for democracy we first use the democracy index constructed by Freedom House and then check the sensitivity of our findings using, as an alternative proxy for democracy, the Legislative Index of Electoral Competitiveness (LIEC). We find support for the Lipset hypothesis - in the long run, real GDP Granger causes democracy and an increase in GDP results in an improvement in democracy – in Botswana and Niger with both datasets, for Chad with the Freedom House data only and for Cote d’Ivoire and Gabon with the LIEC data only. Support for the compatibility hypothesis - in the long run democracy Granger causes real income and an increase in democracy has a positive effect on real income - is found for Botswana with the Freedom House data and for Madagascar, Rwanda, South Africa and Swaziland with the LIEC data. Support for the conflict hypothesis - in the long run democracy Granger causes real income and an increase in democracy has a negative effect on real income - is found for Gabon with the Freedom House data and Sierra Leone with the LIEC data.

Keywords: Causality; Democracy; Economic Growth; Sub-Saharan Africa. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O1 O4 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 40 pages
Date: 2007
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-cdm, nep-fdg and nep-pol
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6)

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Related works:
Journal Article: Does democracy facilitate economic growth or does economic growth facilitate democracy? An empirical study of Sub-Saharan Africa (2011) Downloads
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