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THE LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF CIVIL CONFLICTS ON EDUCATION, EARNINGS AND FERTILITY: EVIDENCE FROM CAMBODIA

Asad Islam (), Chandarany Ouch (), Russell Smyth () and Liang Wang

No 36-14, Monash Economics Working Papers from Monash University, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper examines the long-term effects of exposure to civil war and genocide on the educational attainment and labor productivity of individuals in Cambodia. Given the well-documented causal links between schooling and labor productivity, it is surprising that past studies show that civil conflicts reduce educational attainment, but generally not earnings of individuals. Using variation in the degree of Cambodians’ exposure to civil conflicts during primary school age, we find that disruption to primary education during civil conflicts decreases educational attainment and earnings, increases fertility and has negligible effects on health of individuals several decades later. Our findings suggest that the effect of conflict on schooling disruption has adverse consequences on long-term labour productivity and economic development.

Keywords: Civil Conflict; Khmer Rouge; Education; Wage; Fertility; Returns to schooling. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 J24 O12 N35 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-edu, nep-gro and nep-sea
Date: 2014-09
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Journal Article: The long-term effects of civil conflicts on education, earnings, and fertility: Evidence from Cambodia (2016) Downloads
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