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The Multidimensional Disadvantage of Australian Children with a Comparison between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Children

Ankita Mishra, Ranjan Ray and Leonora Risse

No 19-16, Monash Economics Working Papers from Monash University, Department of Economics

Abstract: This study compares the wellbeing of Indigenous children to non-Indigenous in Australia. Using a dynamic measure of multidimensional disadvantage that builds duration and persistence of disadvantage in the measure, and a unique combination of panel data sets on children, this paper provides robust evidence that shows that Indigenous children suffer considerably higher levels of disadvantage than non-Indigenous children. The multidimensional approach allows for the identification of the dimensions where the disadvantage is most profound, requiring targeted intervention. The use of the dynamic framework yields the result that the disadvantage already suffered by the Indigenous children relative to non-Indigenous children worsens on the incorporation of duration and persistence of disadvantage in the measure. The study identifies Health, Housing and Schooling as areas where the disadvantage of the Indigenous children is large. Remoteness of location is found to compound the severity child’s disadvantage.

Keywords: Indigenous Children; Multidimensional Deprivation; Persistence; Longitudinal Study (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 I12 I31 I32 J15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-11
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