How Stress Affects Performance and Competitiveness across Gender
Lubomir Cingl () and
Working Papers from Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance
Since many key career events, such as exams and interviews, involve competition and stress, gender differences in response to these factors could help to explain the labor-market gender gaps. In a laboratory experiment, we manipulate psychosocial stress using the Trier Social Stress Test, and conï¬ rm that this is effective by measuring salivary cortisol. Subjects perform a realeffort task under both tournament and piece-rate incentives and we elicit willingness to compete. We ï¬ nd that women under heightened stress do worse than women in the control group when compensated with tournament incentives, while there is no treatment difference for performance under piece-rate incentives. For males, stress does not affect output under competition. We also ï¬ nd that stress decreases willingness to compete overall, and for women, this is related to performance. These results help to explain previous ï¬ ndings on gender differences in performance under competition both in and out of the lab.
Keywords: competitiveness; performance in tournaments; psychosocial stress; gender gap (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C91 D03 J16 J33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 71 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cbe, nep-cse, nep-exp, nep-gen and nep-hrm
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Journal Article: How Stress Affects Performance and Competitiveness Across Gender (2020)
Working Paper: How Stress Affects Performance and Competitiveness across Gender (2017)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:mpi:wpaper:tax-mpg-rps-2017-01
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