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Climate change and population: an integrated assessment of mortality due to health impacts

Antonin Pottier (), Marc Fleurbaey () and Stéphane Zuber
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Antonin Pottier: Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - CIRED, EHESS
Marc Fleurbaey: Paris School of Economics

Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne from Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne

Abstract: We develop an integrated assessment model with endogenous population dynamics accouting for the impact of global climate change on mortality through five channels (heat, diarrhoeal disease, malaria, dengue, undernutrition). An age-dependent endogenous mortality rate, which depends linearly on global temperature increase, is introduced and calibrated. We consider three emission scenarios (business-as-usual, 3°C and 2°C scenarios) and find that the five risks induce deaths in the range from 160,000 per annum (in the near term) to almost 350,000 (at the end of the century) in the business-as-annual. We examine the number of life-years lost due to the five selected risks and find figures ranging from 5 to 10 millions annually. These numbers are too low to impact the aggregate dynamics and we do not find significant feedback effects of climate mortality to production, and thus emissions and temperature increase. But we do find interesting evolution patterns. The number of life-years lost is constant (business-as-usual) or decreases over time (3°C and 2°C). For the stabilisation scenarios, we find that the number of life-years lost is higher today than in 2100, due to improvements in generic mortality conditions, the bias of those improvements towards the young, and an ageing population. From that perspective, the present generation is found to bear the brunt of the considered climate change impacts

Keywords: Climate change; Impacts; Integrated assessment model; Mortality risk; Endogenous population (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J11 Q51 Q54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 36 pages
Date: 2020-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-ene, nep-env and nep-hea
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http://mse.univ-paris1.fr/pub/mse/CES2020/20029.pdf (application/pdf)
https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03048602

Related works:
Working Paper: Climate change and population: an integrated assessment of mortality due to health impacts (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Climate change and population: an integrated assessment of mortality due to health impacts (2020) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:mse:cesdoc:20029

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