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Culture, Beliefs and Economic Performance

Rafael Di Tella and Robert MacCulloch ()
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Robert MacCulloch: University of Auckland

No 14_06, Working Papers from Motu Economic and Public Policy Research

Abstract: Beliefs are one component of culture. Data from the World Values Survey is available on a subset of beliefs concerning (broadly) meritocracy and poverty that appear relevant for economics. We document how they vary as well as their distribution across countries. We then correlate these measures of beliefs with economic growth and compare them with institutional and geographical determinants of income. A strong negative relationship is found between leftist economic beliefs and growth but little evidence is found of a relationship with respect to non-economic beliefs. Finally, we briefly discuss some causal effects on beliefs. The evidence suggests that higher country risk and more dependence on natural resources shifts nations to a more leftist set of economic beliefs. Overall the evidence supports the view that cultural specificities may explain why certain institutions cannot be transplanted between nations with different cultural histories and underlines the limit to policy activism.

Keywords: Beliefs; institutions; causality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E62 P16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 67 pages
Date: 2014-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cul, nep-evo, nep-gro, nep-hpe and nep-mac
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (13)

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:mtu:wpaper:14_06

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