EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Identity based policies and identity manipulation: evidence from Colonial Punjab

Guilhem Cassan

No 1214, Working Papers from University of Namur, Department of Economics

Abstract: I study identity marker based policies in the context of identity manipulation: I measure the extent of identity manipulation caused by such a policy and describe the misallocation of public resource this can lead to in the context of colonial Punjab. In particular, I analyze the impact on caste identity manipulation of the creation of an “agricultural caste” category by the Punjab Alienation of Land Act (1901), the membership of which notably granted access to land distribution by the government. Using original data built from the census of Punjab from 1881 to 1921, I show, using various double and triple differences strategies, that a movement of caste identity manipulation took place in response to the law: ruling out alternative demographic interpretations, estimate that in 20 years, 7.5% of the population that had an incentive to do so manipulated its caste identity. Using a novel data set on land ownership by caste from 1911 to 1931, I then use an accounting exercise to estimate the amount of land misallocation caused by this manipulation between 3.9% and 8.2% of the total land distributed by the government.

Keywords: caste; identity; colonialism; land; public policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O12 N45 Q15 H53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39 pages
Date: 2012-12
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.fundp.ac.be/eco/economie/recherche/wpseries/wp/1214.pdf First version, 2012 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Identity-Based Policies and Identity Manipulation: Evidence from Colonial Punjab (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Identity Based Policies and Identity Manipulation: Evidence from Colonial Punjab (2013) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nam:wpaper:1214

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from University of Namur, Department of Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Marie-Helene Mathieu ().

 
Page updated 2020-04-01
Handle: RePEc:nam:wpaper:1214