From Saddles to Harrows: Agricultural Technology Adoption during the Russian Colonization in Kazakhstan
Elena Shubina () and
Sabine Henry ()
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Elena Shubina: Department of Geography, University of NamurAuthor-Name: Gani Aldashev
Sabine Henry: Department of Geography, University of Namur
No 1407, Working Papers from University of Namur, Department of Economics
Technology adoption in agriculture is one of the key factors of change in rural areas of developing countries. Large-scale in-migration by groups using a more advanced production technology often triggers such change in autochthone populations. We analyse the determinants of adoption of new agricultural technology by nomadic pastoralists using unique micro-level data from a historical episode of massive Russian peasant in-migration into Kazakhstan at the turn of the 20th century. We find that distance to Russian settlers is a key determinant of technology adoption, even after controlling for socio-economic and environmental characteristics. This effect is stronger for wealthier and less mobile Kazakh families with pasture land more suitable for agriculture. The adoption of new technology follows a heterogeneous pattern within the autochthone population, with important implications for the evolution of inequality.
Keywords: technology adoption; nomadic pastoralism; migration; Kazakhstan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: N5 O33 O13 Q15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 33 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-cis, nep-cwa, nep-gro and nep-his
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nam:wpaper:1407
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