Monetary policy transmission mechanism in Poland. What do we know in 2011?
Jan Przystupa (),
Anna Sznajderska () and
Ewa Wróbel ()
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Oksana Demchuk: National Bank of Poland, Economic Institute, http://www.nbp.pl
No 116, NBP Working Papers from Narodowy Bank Polski, Economic Research Department
In the light of the results of empirical studies presented in the Report and the literature available45 it may be concluded that the form of the monetary policy transmission mechanism in Poland is consistent with structural features of the Polish economy and coincides with those characteristic of more developed European economies, e.g. the euro area. Although the financial intermediation system is less developed than in the euro area, Poland, like the new EU Member States is characterised by a lower degree of rigidity and more frequent price adjustments (as a result of a relatively higher and more volatile inflation), due to which there exist no grounds for stating that the transmission mechanism is weaker in these countries than in the euro area countries. The characteristics of the monetary policy transmission mechanism in Poland, which changed considerably in the transition period along with the development of the financial system and changes in the monetary policy, displayed symptoms of stabilisation in 2004/2005-2007. Poland’s accession to the European Union, resulting in a major reduction of macroeconomic uncertainty, was one of the factors that contributed to this process. The monetary policy transmission mechanism was, however, disturbed by the financial crisis. Its impact on the transmission mechanism remains strong, which is demonstrated notably by the analysis of the effectiveness of transmission mechanism channels.
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Note: Proceedings from the NBP seminar “Monetary policy transmission mechanism in Poland. What do we know in 2011?”, December 5th, 2011.
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