Regularities in Prices of Production and the Concentration of Compositions of Capitals
Luis Daniel Torres Gonzalez
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Luis Daniel Torres Gonzalez: Department of Economics, New School for Social Research
No 1709, Working Papers from New School for Social Research, Department of Economics
Recent developments in price of production models have proposed a hypothesis on the structure of the input coefficient matrices to explain the empirical near-linearity and monotonicity found in prices as a function of income distribution - the tendency towards zero of subdominant eigenvalues. The objective of this paper is twofold: First, based on the behavior of observed eigenvalues, the paper shows that they cannot explain by their own the regularities found in prices of production. Second, it is shown theoretically and empirically the existence and relevance of an additional force acting on the input matrix and the labor coefficient vector: the concentration of industries' vertically integrated compositions of capital around their average. It is argued that the combined effect of these two factors produces the empirical regularities in relative prices. The tendency of the vertically integrated labor to means of production proportions to cluster around their average reveals the existence of an economic force acting on the structure of technology of observable economies and calls for an explanation. The paper relies on the US 1987- 2007 Input-Output accounts, at the highest disaggregation level (between 370-466 sectors), for the empirical evidence in this paper.
Keywords: Prices of production; Structure of technology; Concentration of capital compositions; Spectral decomposition; Eigenvalues; Eigenlabors; US economy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: B12 B14 B24 B51 C67 D24 D33 D46 D57 J23 L16 L23 O51 P16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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