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The Effect of Male Outmigration on Women's Empowerment in Nepal

Chandan Sapkota and Dainn Wie ()

No 19-28, GRIPS Discussion Papers from National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies

Abstract: Male outmigration is rapidly increasing in Nepal, leading the amount of remittance inflows to exceed 20% of GDP in 2011. This article examines the impact of male outmigration on women's empowerment, which is relatively undocumented in the literature. We employ rainfall and an ethnicity-specific migration network as our instruments to address endogeneity in male outmigration. Our empirical evidence shows that married women in households with male outmigrants are less likely to be in polygamous relationships and are more likely to have the final say on their own health issues. However, further investigation demonstrates that these women are less likely to have freedom to visit their family or relatives, which is probably due to increased cohabitation with their parents-in-law.

Pages: 36 pages
Date: 2019-12
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Handle: RePEc:ngi:dpaper:19-28