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The Off-Farm Labour Force Participation of Mayo Farm Households

Aoife Brick and Eoghan Garvey
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Eoghan Garvey: Department of Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway

No 100, Working Papers from National University of Ireland Galway, Department of Economics

Abstract: The objective of this paper is to examine the factors affecting both participation in an off-farm job and the number of hours worked off-farm by couples in farm households in an Irish region. Data from 278 farm households in Co. Mayo was analysed to this end. A multivariate examination of key characteristics, using cluster analysis, was carried out to classify households into different clusters. The analysis comes reasonably close to picking out the four regimes suggested by the presented theoretical model, that is a cluster in which neither the operator or spouse work off-farm, one in which only the spouse works off-farm, one in which only the operator works off-farm, and one in which both work off-farm. This analysis is followed by an econometric analysis of farm operator and spouse labour supply decisions. Both bivariate probit models and multivariate logit models are used to estimate the off-farm labour force participation of operators and spouses. The participation models are followed by estimations of off-farm hours of work supplied by the couple, using appropriate sample selection procedures. For operators, the driving characteristics influencing off-farm labour participation and hours supplied are farm and location characteristics. In contrast, family demographics and education level appear to influence off-farm labour participation and hours supplied by the spouse.

Keywords: Off-farm labour supply; agricultural household models; probit model; multinomial logit model. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q12 R20 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2005, Revised 2005
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