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The Electoral Dynamics of Human Development

Vitor Castro () and Rodrigo Martins

No 6/2016, NIPE Working Papers from NIPE - Universidade do Minho

Abstract: This paper analyses the impact of elections on the dynamics of human development in a panel of 82 countries over the period 1980-2013. The incidence of partisan and political support effects is also taken into account. A GMM estimator is employed in the empirical analysis and the results point out to the presence of an electoral cycle in the growth rate of human development. Majority governments also influence it, but no clear evidence is found regarding partisan effects. The electoral cycles have proved to be stronger in non-OECD countries, in countries with less frequent elections, with lower levels of income and human development, in presidential and non-plurality systems and in proportional representation regimes. They have also become more intense in this millennium.

Keywords: Human development; Political cycles; Elections; Panel data models. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C33 D72 I31 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-pke and nep-pol
Date: 2016
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Journal Article: The Electoral Dynamics of Human Development (2018) Downloads
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