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How Does Child Labor Affect the Demand for Adult Labor? Evidence from Rural Mexico

Kirk Doran ()

No 16, Working Papers from University of Notre Dame, Department of Economics

Abstract: Do employers substitute adults for children, or do they treat them as complements? Using data from a Mexican schooling experiment, I find that decreasing child farm work is accompanied by increasing adult labor demand. This increase was not caused by treatment money reaching farm employers: there were no significant increases in harvest prices and quantities, non-labor inputs, or non-farm labor supply. Furthermore, coordinated movements in price and quantity can distinguish this increase in demand from changes in supply induced by the treatment's income effects. Thus, declining child supply caused increasing adult demand: employers substituted adults for children.

New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-dem, nep-dev, nep-exp, nep-lab and nep-lma
Date: 2012-08, Revised 2012-08
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http://www3.nd.edu/~tjohns20/RePEc/deendus/wpaper/016_child.pdf First version, 2012 (application/pdf)

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