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The impact of cultural diversity on firm innovation: evidence from Dutch micro-data

Ceren Ozgen (), Peter Nijkamp and Jacques Poot
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Ceren Ozgen: VU University Amsterdam

No 2013026, Norface Discussion Paper Series from Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London

Abstract: An important question for firms and policymakers is whether the recruitment of foreign workers can boost innovation. Migration studies have demonstrated positive economic impacts of cultural diversity on productivity and innovation at the regional level, but the impacts at firm level are less well known. Merging data from four different sources, provided by Statistics Netherlands, we construct and analyze a unique linked employer-employee micro dataset of 4582 firms that includes qualitative information on firm innovation. We consider both the number of immigrants these firms employ and their cultural diversity. Potential endogeneity of migrant employment is addressed by an instrumental variables approach that accounts for the past geographic distribution of immigrants and the past culinary diversity of the municipality the firm is located in. We find robust evidence that firms employing relatively more migrants are less innovative. However, there is evidence of integration in that this effect is generall less strong or even absent for second generation immigrants. Moreover, firms employing a more diverse foreign workforce are more innovative, particularly in terms of product innovations. The benefits of diversity for innovation are more apparent in sectors employing relatively more skilled immigrants.

Keywords: Immigration; Innovation; Cultural diversity; Knowledge spillovers; Netherlands (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D22 F22 O31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-cse, nep-cul, nep-eff, nep-ino, nep-mig, nep-sbm, nep-tid and nep-ure
Date: 2013-12
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (22) Track citations by RSS feed

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