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Why are Africa’s female entrepreneurs not playing the export game? Evidence from Ghana

Charles Ackah, Holger Goerg, Aoife Hanley and Cecília Hornok

No 2020-19, Discussion Papers from University of Nottingham, GEP

Abstract: We explore the export performance of Africa’s underperforming female entrepreneurs, using the Ghanaian ISSER-IGC panel, a comprehensive dataset of manufacturing firms for 2011–2015. Uniquely, the data provides information about the severity of key business constraints, across both male and female entrepreneurs. We find that females are less likely to export (and optimize their exporting) than their male peers. Although reduced access to finance seriously constrains the exports of female entrepreneurs, this limitation does not explain their relative inability to leverage value from exports. Consistent with related work, we find that certain social and cultural constraints, in particular constraints linked to bribes and security concerns, are more deeply felt by female entrepreneurs. This may hint at the exclusion of Africa’s females (voluntarily or involuntarily) from male-dominated networks or business practices.

Keywords: female entrepreneurship; business constraints; productivity; exporting; Africa; Ghana (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-ent, nep-int and nep-sbm
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Related works:
Working Paper: Why Are Africa's Female Entrepreneurs Not Playing the Export Game? Evidence from Ghana (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Why are Africa's female entrepreneurs not playing the export game? Evidence from Ghana (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Why are Africa's female entrepreneurs not playing the export game? Evidence from Ghana (2020) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:not:notgep:2020-19

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