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Development of Education and Health Services in Asia and the Role of the State

Sudipto Mundle ()
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Sudipto Mundle: National Institute of Public Finance and Policy

Working Papers from National Institute of Public Finance and Policy

Abstract: This paper analyses the dramatic spread of education and healthcare in Asia and also the large variations in that spread across and within countries over fifty years. Apart from differences in initial conditions and income levels, the nature of the State has also been an important determinant of these variations. This is because social development has typically been led by the State. But in most countries, public resource constraints and the growing dependence on private provision and private spending have generated a pattern of nested disparities in the access to education and healthcare between rich and poor regions, between rural and urban areas within regions, and between rich and poor households within these areas. However, as the better-off regions, areas, and households approach the upper limits of achievable education and health standards, a process of convergence is also underway as those left behind begin to catch up.

Keywords: Asia; comparative studies; disparity; education; health; institutions; state (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: B25 B52 H51 H52 I13 I14 I18 I21 I24 I28 O43 O53 P16 P26 P48 P52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hme and nep-sea
Date: 2018-10
Note: Working Paper 239, 2018
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