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Pro-competitive effects of globalisation on prices, productivity and markups: Evidence in the Euro Area

R. S.-H. Lee and Mathilde Pak
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R. S.-H. Lee: Insee, Polytechnique et Crest-LMA

Documents de Travail de l'Insee - INSEE Working Papers from Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques

Abstract: Global trade has recently slowed down after a peak in the 1990s and early 2000s. Existing literature shows evidence of pro-competitive effects of trade liberalisation during this booming period on prices, productivity and markups. The goal of this paper is to assess whether such pro-competitive effects are still carried on in the manufacturing industry of five Euro Area countries (Austria, Germany, Spain, France and Italy). Our analysis is based on Melitz and Ottaviano’s (2008) theoretical framework and its empirical setup by Chen et al. (2004, 2009). Our contribution is twofold. First, we use traditional trade indicators (gross and value added exports and imports) but also novel indicators that account for the development of global value chains. Second, from the findings of Chen et al. (2004, 2009), we go further by investigating the effect of trade at sector level with respect to quality upgrading and firm concentration. We find that pro-competitive effects are more significant when using import penetration in value-added terms and such effects are particularly strong in sectors with low concentration. Indeed, higher concentration seems to mitigate the trade-induced competition. However, our model focuses on price competition and further research on the quality upgrading would be complementary to our results.

Keywords: inflation; markups; productivity; competition; globalisation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 F12 F14 L11 L16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-com, nep-eec, nep-ind, nep-int and nep-mac
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nse:doctra:g2018-06

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