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Regional payroll tax cuts and individual wages: Heterogeneous effects across education groups

Hildegunn Stokke ()

Working Paper Series from Department of Economics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Abstract: The empirical evidence on the incidence of payroll taxation is primarily based on the wage bill of firms. This paper applies matched employer-employee register data on individual wages for all private sector workers in Norway. Exploiting a payroll tax reform and using the difference-indifference approach, I find that 1% reduction in labor costs generates 0.5% wage increase. Among low educated workers the degree of tax shifting equals 50%, while the wage response for highly educated is insignificant. Lower payroll taxes have limited effects on employment. The findings imply that the absolute value of the labor demand elasticity decreases with the level of education.

Keywords: Payroll tax cut; individual wages; heterogeneous effects; education (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H22 J23 J31 J38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 24 pages
Date: 2015-11-21
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur and nep-pbe
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

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http://www.svt.ntnu.no/iso/WP/2015/7_Stokke.pdf (application/pdf)

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Working Paper: Regional payroll tax cuts and individual wages: Heterogeneous effects across education groups (2016) Downloads
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