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Sanitary and phytosanitary approval procedures: Key issues, their impact on trade, and ways to address them

Annelies Deuss and Edith Laget

No 192, OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers from OECD Publishing

Abstract: Approval procedures are critical to sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) systems as they uphold countries’ commitments to facilitate safe trade. However, they can create significant costs and act as non-tariff barriers if not properly administered. This report examines the costs and opportunities that are associated with seven of the most pressing issues related to the administration of approval procedures. The analysis reveals that countries have increasingly raised specific trade concerns (STCs) to the WTO about issues related to approval procedures. Furthermore, gravity analysis demonstrates that trading partners dealing with STCs related to approval procedures trade 26% less on average than those not dealing with any STC. An OECD survey specifically designed to evaluate how issues related to approval procedures can be addressed indicates that multiple solutions exist to enhance efficiencies in agro-food trade, such as digitalizing SPS systems, relying on international standards or simplifying SPS measures.

Keywords: Agriculture and food standards; Digitalisation; Gravity estimation; Non-tariff barriers; Safe trade; Specific Trade Concerns (STCs) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F13 F53 Q17 Q18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023-02-14
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr and nep-int
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