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Les migrants, partenaires de la coopération internationale: Le cas des Maliens de France

Christophe Daum

No 107, OECD Development Centre Working Papers from OECD Publishing

Abstract: Les immigrés originaires de la région de Kayes au Mali, principale région malienne pourvoyeuse d'émigrés vers la France, constituent une communauté culturellement et ethniquement homogène qui se distingue par un fort dynamisme associatif. Si la migration a d'abord été conçue par les candidats au départ et leur famille comme une solution temporaire aux problèmes conjoncturels, peu à peu, elle est devenue dans cette région une stratégie usuelle de diversification des sources de revenu pour l'économie villageoise et l'instrument privilégié de promotion sociale pour nombre de catégories défavorisées. Une dépendance aux revenus de la migration s'instaure progressivement, accentuée par un contexte économique local peu favorable.En réponse à l'évolution de la réglementation française en matière d'immigration, une migration d'installation succède à la migration tournante (la noria). Les immigrés s'intéressent davantage au développement durable de leur pays et s'engagent dans une dynamique ... Malian immigrants in France from the Region of Kayes constitute a community which is culturally and ethnically homogeneous and their expatriate associations have proven to be dynamic. Originally, migration was conceived of by the migrants and their families as temporary, but it has gradually become a common strategy of diversification of income for the village economy and the preferred way of upward social mobility for many disadvantaged people. Thus, dependence on income from migration has increased and has been reinforced by unfavourable local economic conditions.Temporary migration has turned into settlement as a consequence of the change in the French immigration laws. Migrants have subsequently shown increasing interest in the sustainable development of Mali and have become involved in projects through the organisation of solidarity funds and development associations which undertake collective action in their country of origin. In the Region of Kayes, the migrants' ...

Date: 1995-07-01
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