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Agricultural Growth and Economic Development: The Case of Pakistan

Naved Hamid () and Wouter Tims

No 13, OECD Development Centre Working Papers from OECD Publishing

Abstract: This study examines the role of public investment in determining the pattern of agricultural development in Pakistan. The focus is on investment in irrigation, which is seen to be the key to providing food self-sufficiency and allowing Pakistan to sustain a flows of net agricultural exports. Together with the physical and institutional infrastructure supporting agriculture, these investments set the stage and the pattern for the country's economic development. Agricultural development in Pakistan has in the past century and a half been driven mainly by horizontal expansion: increasing the area under the plough by increasing water control. Since the late 1960s, intensification has increased, though this has remained limited to individual crops and has not evolved into a broad strategy. Because of the environmental and other limits to further expansion of controlled water flows, the future calls for a strategy of more efficient use of available land and water, and a more ... Cet ouvrage étudie l'influence de l'investissement public sur le mode de développement agricole au Pakistan. Il met l'accent sur l'investissement dans l'irrigation, qui paraît être la clef de l'autosuffisance alimentaire et de l'existence d'un flux net d'exportations agricoles pour ce pays. Liés aux infrastructure physiques et institutionnelles en faveur de l'agriculture, ces investissements marquent une étape dans son modèle de développement économique. Le développement agricole du Pakistan s'est principalement fondé, au cours du siècle et demi passé, sur une "expansion horizontale" consistant à gagner sur l'eau des surfaces arables. Depuis la fin des années 60, les méthodes intensives ont pris le relais, limitées aux exploitations individuelles et, de ce fait, à petite échelle. En raison des diverses contraintes, notamment environnementales, qui limitent l'extention de la maîtrise des eaux, une stratégie d'utilisation plus efficace des terres et des eaux disponibles s'impose ...

Date: 1990-04-01
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