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Intellectual Property Rights and Technology Transfer in Developing Country Agriculture: Rhetoric and Reality

Carliene Brenner

No 133, OECD Development Centre Working Papers from OECD Publishing

Abstract: The signature of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement), which entered into force on 1st January, 1995, marked a turning point in efforts to strengthen and extend intellectual property protection. Under the terms of the Agreement, many developing countries are now committed to extending the scope of intellectual property rights to areas not formerly covered, such as micro-organisms, plant genetic material and techniques used for genetic manipulation. While the likely impact of strengthening intellectual property protection is a subject of intense debate and, indeed, has been at the forefront of preoccupations related to environmental degradation and the need to protect biodiversity, it is poorly researched.This paper reviews the different forms and scope of intellectual property rights relevant to technology transfer in agriculture; reviews the commitments made by developing countries under the TRIPS agreement and the alternatives ... La signature de l’accord sur les droits de propriété intellectuelle relatifs aux échanges (Accord TRIPS), entré en vigueur le 1er janvier 1995, a marqué un tournant dans les efforts entrepris pour renforcer la protection de la propriété intellectuelle. En vertu de cet accord, de nombreux pays en développement se sont engagés à étendre les droits de propriété intellectuelle à des domaines jusque-là non couverts, tels que les micro-organismes, le matériel génétique végétal et les techniques de manipulation génétique. L’impact probable de cette protection accrue de la propriété intellectuelle alimente un vif débat et, de fait, figure en tête des préoccupations relatives à la dégradation de l’environnement et à l’appauvrissement de la biodiversité. Toutefois, peu de travaux de recherche lui ont été consacrés.Ce document passe en revue les diverses modalités et la portée des droits de propriété intellectuelle applicables aux transferts de technologie dans l’agriculture. Il fait le ...

Date: 1998-03-01
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