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Fighting Corruption in Customs Administration: What Can we Learn from Recent Experiences?

Irène Hors

No 175, OECD Development Centre Working Papers from OECD Publishing

Abstract: In many developing countries, customs efficiency is hampered by widespread corruption. This creates a major disincentive and obstacle to trade expansion. It also leads to disastrous consequences in terms of national security and public finance.This OECD Development Centre Technical Paper examines the nature of customs corruption and suggests some practical paths to integrity. It is based on fact-finding studies of recent experience of customs reform in Bolivia, Pakistan and the Philippines. These studies were entrusted to experts, especially qualified, by personal, inside experience, to identify, describe and evaluate the problems and developments in each of the relevant customs services. They provide a detailed, objective and intimate account of the character of corruption practices, the forces at work for and against reform and the outcome in each of the three countries. Based on the analysis of the serious setbacks in Bolivia and Pakistan and relative success in the Philippines ... Dans de nombreux pays en développement, l'efficacité de l'administration des douanes est mise à mal par la corruption endémique. Cette situation est un obstacle à l'expansion des échanges commerciaux. Elle a aussi des conséquences désastreuses pour la sécurité nationale et les finances publiques.Ce Document technique du Centre de Développement de l'OCDE analyse la nature de la corruption dans les douanes et propose quelques solutions concrètes pour améliorer l'intégrité. Il s'appuie sur l'examen des récentes réformes de l'administration des douanes engagées en Bolivie, au Pakistan et aux Philippines. Ces études de terrain ont été confiées à des spécialistes de la question, particulièrement qualifiés de par leur expérience personnelle, " de l'intérieur ", pour identifier, décrire et évaluer les problèmes inhérents au service des douanes considéré, et leur évolution. Ces études rendent compte en détails et en profondeur, des pratiques de corruption, des rapports de forces hostiles ou ...

Date: 2001-04-01
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