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Foreign Direct Investment and Intellectual Capital Formation in Southeast Asia

Bryan K. Ritchie

No 194, OECD Development Centre Working Papers from OECD Publishing

Abstract: This paper takes the case of Southeast Asia to examine the role played by multinational corporations (MNCs) in the transfer of knowledge and formation of human capital in FDI host nations. It explores the changing nature of FDI within the region and the diversity of environments in which FDI operates. The author finds that there is evidence to support the idea that MNCs not only locate to regions where there is already a stock of skills, but that they enhance these skills and cause a “spillover effect” outside their own operations, depending on the domestic policy environment. The paper concludes that the state must form a partnership with MNCs and co-ordinate interaction between economic actors in order to maximise human capital formation in the economy as a whole ... Ce Document technique examine dans le cas de l’Asie du Sud-Est le rôle joué par les firmes multinationales dans le transfert des connaissances et la formation du capital humain dans les pays récepteurs d'IDE. L’auteur étudie notamment l'évolution de la nature des IDE dans la région et la diversité des environnements dans lesquels s'installent. Ces travaux montrent que les multinationales investissent dans les régions disposant déjà d'un stock de compétences, qu'elles renforcent ces dernières et génèrent un “effet de retombée” au-delà de leurs propres activités, effet qui dépend de l'environnement national. L’auteur suggère que l'Etat crée des partenariats avec les multinationales et coordonne les interactions entre les acteurs économiques afin de maximiser la formation de capital humain dans l'économie tout entière ...

Date: 2002-08-01
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