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Macroeconomic Policies: New Issues of Interdependence

Helmut Reisen (), Martin Grandes and Nicolas Pinaud

No 241, OECD Development Centre Working Papers from OECD Publishing

Abstract: Three novel macroeconomic policy challenges are discussed in this paper: the macroeconomic implications of China’s emergence; the implications of intensifying financial integration; and the interaction of Asia’s foreign exchange regime with monetary policy in the OECD area.First, China may now be regarded as a price maker on some international commodity and energy markets. Its global impact nowadays stretches importantly not just into goods and commodity markets, but equally into world financial markets. The acquisition by the Chinese official sector of large amounts of foreign assets has raised the country’s global cyclical, financial and macroeconomic importance. Hence, China should not just be perceived as a producer of low-priced goods, but likewise of “cheap savings”. China as a swing exporter/importer could destabilise commodity markets, with important repercussions for developing countries. Variations in China’s output gap will have important repercussions on key global ... Ce document de travail s’intéresse à trois nouveaux défis de la politique macro-économique : les implications macro-économiques de l’émergence de la Chine ; les conséquences de l’intensification de l’intégration financière ; et l’interaction entre les régimes asiatiques de taux de change avec les politiques monétaires des pays de l’OCDE.La Chine décide désormais du niveau des prix sur certains marchés internationaux des matières premières et de l’énergie. Son influence mondiale se fait nettement ressentir au-delà des marchés des biens et des matières premières, jusque sur les marchés financiers internationaux. L’acquisition par la banque centrale chinoise de larges quantités d’actifs étrangers a accru l’influence du pays sur les cycles économiques mondiaux et consolidé son importance d’un point de vue financier et macro-économique. La Chine ne doit donc plus seulement être perçue comme un pays producteur de biens à bas prix, mais aussi comme une source d’« épargne bon ...

Date: 2005-01-21
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-mac
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