Labour market resilience: The role of structural and macroeconomic policies
Alexander Hijzen (),
Mathilde Pak and
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Cyrille Schwellnus: OECD
No 1406, OECD Economics Department Working Papers from OECD Publishing
This paper provides an overview of labour market resilience in the wake of the Great Recession of 2008-09 and the role played by macroeconomic and structural policies. The OECD unemployment rate has returned to close to its pre-crisis level, but the unemployment cost of the Great Recession has nonetheless been very large and long-lasting in many countries. Moreover, as the recovery in output has been weak relative to the recovery in employment, labour productivity and wage growth remain low. Labour market resilience depends crucially on macroeconomic and labour market policy settings. Macroeconomic policies are highly effective in limiting employment declines during economic downturns and preventing that cyclical increases in unemployment become structural. Spending on active labour market policies needs to respond strongly to cyclical increases in unemployment to promote a quick return to work in the recovery and preserve the mutual-obligations ethos of activation regimes. Overly strict employment protection for regular workers reduces resilience by promoting the use of temporary contracts and slowing job creation in the recovery. Co-ordinated collective bargaining systems can promote resilience by facilitating wage and working-time adjustments.
Keywords: fiscal policy; labour market policy; politiques budgétaires; politiques du marché de travail; resilience; résilience (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E6 J3 J6 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lma and nep-mac
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1406-en
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