Do government transfers reduce poverty in China?: Micro evidence from five regions
Ben Westmore ()
No 1415, OECD Economics Department Working Papers from OECD Publishing
This paper estimates urban and rural poverty rates across five Chinese administrative regions (Shanghai, Liaoning, Guangdong, Henan and Gansu) in 2014 using representative household level data from the China Family Panel Studies survey. The types of government transfer payments that households in poverty received and the ability for such payments to lift households from poverty are also assessed. Consistent with official estimates, the results highlight substantial disparities in poverty rates between administrative regions. Smaller differences exist between urban and rural locations within the same administrative region. In 2014, the most common types of government transfer received by households in poverty were agricultural subsidies or social assistance - principally the dibao. Regarding the latter, the results suggest some improvement in payment targeting in rural areas, but most dibao recipients had income above the poverty line (as defined in this paper) in 2014. Furthermore, across all administrative regions, the vast majority of households living below the defined poverty line did not receive social assistance at that time.
Keywords: China; development; poverty; social assistance policies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I30 I32 I38 O53 R20 R28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-cna, nep-dev and nep-tra
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Journal Article: Do government transfers reduce poverty in China? Micro evidence from five regions (2018)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1415-en
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in OECD Economics Department Working Papers from OECD Publishing Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().