Public policy reforms to further improve Portuguese export performance
Ben Westmore () and
No 1556, OECD Economics Department Working Papers from OECD Publishing
Portugal’s export performance over the past decade has been impressive, helping to reduce external imbalances. This partly owed to a sequence of structural reforms that benefited the productivity of the export sector and led to an increase in its size. Nonetheless, exports as a share of GDP and the stock of foreign direct investment remain below that of other comparable small European economies. Further shifting the orientation of the economy to the external sector is vital for Portugal given the strong link between trade openness and GDP per capita. To do this, policymakers must ensure that policy settings incentivise exporting firms to expand and improve their competitiveness, both through lower price and improved quality. For example, regulatory barriers that reduce competition in professional services should be lowered to improve the cost and quality of intermediate inputs. Increasing the efficiency of domestic infrastructure is also key, especially through competition-enhancing reforms to the port sector. To further differentiate and improve Portuguese export products, skills in the business sector need to be enhanced through better-targeted lifelong learning opportunities. At the same time, there is a need to focus innovation policies on raising the participation of small and medium enterprises in innovative activities.
Keywords: competitiveness; export performance; foreign direct investment; infrastructure; innovation; lifelong learning; regulatory reforms (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F43 G38 H25 O31 O43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-eff, nep-int and nep-sbm
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1556-en
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