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Exchange Rate Policy in Advanced Commodity-Exporting Countries: The Case of Australia and New Zealand

Adrian Blundell-Wignall and Robert Gregory ()
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Adrian Blundell-Wignall: OECD

No 83, OECD Economics Department Working Papers from OECD Publishing

Abstract: The paper examines the desirability of exchange rate management in a commodity-exporting country, in which the terms of trade are driven by the world commodity price cycle. When the authorities are assumed to pursue an inflation objective, the usefulness of managing the rate depends on the relative importance of monetary versus terms of trade shocks. Empirical evidence suggests that floating rate regimes will normally be preferred for countries like Australia and New Zealand, although circumstances can be envisaged in which either leaning-against-the-wind or leaning-with-the-wind policies are required. A review of experience since the Korean War boom suggests that attempts to fix the exchange rate in the face of the commodity cycle are likely to be associated with inflation problems, while labour market asymmetries can lead to resource misallocation and to pressures for the protection of the non-commodity traded goods sector ... Ce papier examine si la gestion du taux de change est désirable pour un pays exportateur de produits de base, dans lequel les termes de l'échange sont commandés par le cycle du prix mondial de ces produits. Si es autorités poursuivent un objectif d'inflation, l'intérêt de gérer le taux de change dépend de l'importance relative des chocs monétaires comparée aux chocs commerciaux. L'analyse suggère qu'un régime de changes flottants sera normalement préféré pour des pays comme l'Australie ou la Nouvelle-Zélande, encore que des circonstances peuvent être envisagées dans lesquelles une politique de taux de change devient nécessaire. L'expérience de la période d'expansion de la guerre de Corée suggère que les tentatives de fixer le taux de change face au cycle des produits de base seront vraisemblablement accompagnées de problèmes inflationnistes, tandis que les assymétries du marché du travail peuvent conduire à une mauvaise allocation des ressources et à des pressions pour protéger le ...

Date: 1990-07-01
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