MODEL PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA BERBASIS PENDIDIKAN MULTIKULTURAL
Dewi Nuur Rohmasari
No 38kaz, OSF Preprints from Center for Open Science
Abstract Indonesia as multicultural country facing internal issues such as weakening the spirit of nationality and waning of cultural values so as to lead to conflict SARA (ethnic, religion, race, group), inequity, and crisis identity. Plurality of Indonesia is powerful but in the other hand become vulnerable to conflict when there is no understanding, tolerance and mutual understanding in facing differences. Multicultural education is considered very strategic to build awareness. The early stages that need to be immediately carried out public awareness through socialization that is can be started at the school level, to get to know each other and to understand cultural diversity, thus fostering mutual respect ethnic identities in the same or different. Implementation of multicultural education at the school level are not done separately but integrated in the subjects, including mathematics. The model of mathematics teaching based on the five dimensions of multicultural education identified by James Banks, including culture integration into mathematics content, knowledge construction of mathematics through context and cultural understanding, equitable pedagogy, prejudice reduction and empowering school culture. Learning mathematics-based multicultural education aims to optimize the achievement of mathematics teaching and fosters awareness, understanding, tolerance, mutual understanding and a spirit of nationality of individual students as part of a multicultural community.
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