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The Science of Research Grants: A Scoping Review of Journal Articles in Grantology Published in 1970-2020

Zheng Yan, Panpan Yang, Qingyang Liu and Joan J. Erickson

No ynepm, OSF Preprints from Center for Open Science

Abstract: Research grants are a critical means for research policy, research management, and research administration to generate scientific breakthroughs, technical innovations, and social impacts. Currently, the exponential growth of the research literature on research grants has been scattered across diverse outlets and disciplines. The present paper is the first scoping review to generate an overall coherent picture of the science of research grants or grantology by focusing on the basic literature published from 1970 to 2020. Based on both a process-based conceptual framework and 275 identified important research articles, we synthesize the current knowledge in seven key areas, i.e., grant writers, grant writing, grant agents, grant review, grant projects, grant management, and grant impacts. Our review indicates that three major topics, grant writing practices, grant review, and scientific impacts, have dominated the existing literature, Future research should examine four key topics, development of grant writers, grant resubmission, grant professionals, and grant use, to further advance the science of research grants. Limitations and implications of the study are discussed.

Date: 2023-01-30
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ino, nep-ppm and nep-sog
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DOI: 10.31219/

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