A Bottom-up picture of Intra-National Welfare Regimes: The case of Marginalised Communities in Puerto Rico
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Gibran Cruz-Martinez: CSIC
No 8c2ex, SocArXiv from Center for Open Science
The main purpose of this article is twofold: (1) an examination of welfare regimes using a bottom-up approach, which enables a comprehensive analysis of welfare production based on recipients perceptions; and (2) an examination of more than one type of welfare-mix coexisting inside the national level across policy sectors. A classification of welfare regimes is carried out following a bottom-up approach and relying on the basis of the importance of welfare providers to satisfy social risks and promote well-being. Three traditional (e.g., state, market, family) and one alternative welfare provider (e.g., community) are considered. Data is collected through twenty semi-structured interviews in seven marginalised communities of Puerto Rico. The results show five configurations of intra-national welfare-mixes across the following welfare areas: housing, nourishment, health, education, maternity/paternity, disability, work-unemployment and older-age. This paper contributes to the theoretical proposals of intra-national welfare regimes, and alternatives providers in the welfare-mix.
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:osf:socarx:8c2ex
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