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Medical Worker Migration and Origin-Country Human Capital: Evidence from U.S. Visa Policy

Paolo Abarcar () and Caroline Theoharides

No m79h2, SocArXiv from Center for Open Science

Abstract: We exploit changes in U.S. visa policies for nurses to measure brain drain versus gain. Combining data on all migrant departures and postsecondary institutions in the Philippines, we show that nursing enrollment and graduation increased substantially in response to greater U.S. demand for nurses. The supply of nursing programs expanded to accommodate this increase. Nurse quality, measured by licensure exam pass rates, declined. Despite this, for each nurse migrant, 10 additional nurses were licensed. New nurses switched from other degree types, but graduated at higher rates than they would have otherwise, thus increasing the human capital stock in the Philippines.

Date: 2020-07-31
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea, nep-mig and nep-sea
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:osf:socarx:m79h2

DOI: 10.31219/osf.io/m79h2

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