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Environmental Kuznets Curve on Country Level: Evidence from China

Junyi Shen and Yoshizo Hashimoto ()
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Yoshizo Hashimoto: Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University

No 04-09, Discussion Papers in Economics and Business from Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics

Abstract: The Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis proposes that there is an inverse-U-shape relationship between environmental degradation and per capita income. This evidence has been manifested to be existed in most air pollutants and several water pollutants by estimating on cross-country data. Different from most earlier empirical studies, this paper uses the cross-province panel data of seven pollutants from China to investigate whether the EKC hypothesis may even exist on a country level. The estimated results find out that the EKC hypothesis exists in five of these pollutants, while the other two show a N-shape relationship between pollutant emission and per capita income. Moreover, this paper suggests some problems of this regression as being remained for future study.

Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC); pollution emission; economic growth; GDP per capita (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 13 pages
Date: 2004-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env, nep-res, nep-sea and nep-tra
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