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Human capital spillovers from Special Economic Zones: evidence from Yangtze Delta in China

Zhaoying Lu ()
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Zhaoying Lu: Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University

No 21-02, Discussion Papers in Economics and Business from Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics

Abstract: This paper evaluates the effects of a place-based program in the Yangtze Delta of China?Special Economic Zones (SEZs). It takes into account spatial dependence to examine whether the human capital of SEZs exerts positive influences on the productivity of the local industry. The empirical results find that the local industry benefits from the human capital of SEZs. The spillover effects are not only confined to own counties but also neighboring counties. Indeed, SEZs contribute more to the productivity of neighboring counties than the one in the hosting county itself. Moreover, positive spillover effects of the human capital of SEZs still hold for the growth of productivity. Furthermore, the productivity of a region is similar to the one of the same industry in proximity.

Keywords: Special Economic Zone; Spatial Analysis; Human Capital; Spillovers; Yangtze Delta. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 C23 O21 R10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 29pages
Date: 2021-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo and nep-ure
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