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Struggling for new lives: Family and fertility policies in the Soviet Union and modern Russia

Ekaterina Selezneva ()
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Ekaterina Selezneva: IOS Regensburg

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Ekaterina Skoglund

No 355, Working Papers from Leibniz Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies)

Abstract: During the 20th century, Russian women were assigned the triple role of social and political activists, workers, caregivers and mothers. This paper makes an overview of the main steps undertaken first by the Soviet and later by the modern Russian governments to influence family formation models and fertility levels, in order to improve the demographic situation over the period from 1917 until 2015. The overview pays close attention to such measures of demographic policy as marriage and divorce regulation, support of families through family benefits and the tax system, reconciliation of family and work spheres (maternity/paternity leaves, workplace flexibility measures), fertility promotion, childbearing and childcare support, as well as rare reproductive health protection initiatives.

Keywords: fertility; Russia; family policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J12 J13 J18 P30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 40
Date: 2016-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis, nep-lab and nep-tra
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