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World War II, the Baby Boom and Employment: County Level Evidence

Abel Brodeur and Lamis Kattan
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Lamis Kattan: Department of Economics, University of Ottawa

No 2105E, Working Papers from University of Ottawa, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper examines the impact of male casualties due to World War II on fertility and female employment in the United States. We rely on the number of casualties at the county-level and use a difference-in-differences strategy. While most counties in the U.S. experienced a Baby Boom following the war, we find that the increase in fertility was lower in high-casualty rate counties than in low-casualty rate counties. Analyzing the channels through which male casualties could have decreased fertility, we provide evidence that county male casualties are positively related to 1950s female employment and household income.

Keywords: Baby Boom; Fertility; Female Labor Supply; World War II. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J11 J13 J24 N3 N4 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 43 pages
Date: 2021
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his and nep-lab
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http://hdl.handle.net/10393/42201 (application/pdf)

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Working Paper: World War II, the Baby Boom and Employment: County Level Evidence (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: World War II, the Baby Boom and Employment: County Level Evidence (2021) Downloads
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